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State Information

Learn More About Incorporating in Your State

Alabama Incorporation, LLC, and Not-for-Profit Information

Nickname:Yellowhammer State

Capital: Montgomery

Following please find a guide of state information with reference to the registration of a Alabama Corporation, LLC and Not-For-Profit company. Please click on the tab to the corresponding Alabama entity for which you would like additional information. You will find information on items such as company name, filing document, annual report and taxation requirements. Please contact us for more information or to place an order.

The name shall contain the word "corporation" or "incorporated" or an abbreviation of one of such words, "Inc." or "Corp." If formed for the purposes of banking it must include the words "Bank," "Banking," or "Bankers."

The name shall be such as to distinguish it from the names of other companies of any kind.

Company names in Alabama must be reserved with Secretary of State prior to filing with the probate judge in the county where the corporations registered office is located.

The formation document required to file a corporation in Alabama is called the Articles of Incorporation. The information listed in the Articles of Incorporation includes, but not limited to, the name of the company, purpose, address of principal office of the corporation, name and address of the registered agent, shares, par value and name and address of the initial directors.

Alabama law does allow for the formation of Professional Corporations (PC's). The name of a professional corporation must contain the words “professional corporation” or the abbreviation “P.C.” or “P C”.

Corporations are managed by their Board of Directors. The minimum number of directors required in Alabama is 1 and they must be 19 years old. The Board of Directors elects the company officers, President, Vice President (if applicable), Secretary and Treasurer. The terms of office are stipulated in the company bylaws.

The company bylaws regulate the way in which your company will be run. The bylaws are adopted at the initial meeting of the directors and are updated as needed. Included in the bylaws will be information on director/shareholder meetings, voting responsibilities, stock issue procedures and other operating procedures.

Corporations may be required and should keep the bylaws available for review at their principal place of business along with the names and addresses of directors, officers and shareholders, minutes of all director and shareholder meetings, records of actions taken by directors or shareholders without a meeting, record of all shareholders and their number and class of shares, a copy of the formation document and any amendments thereto, and the company’s most recent annual report.

All Alabama corporations will be required to file an annual report each year with the Department of Revenue. The annual report is due between January 1 and March 15. The report must include information on the address of the corporation's registered office in the state, name of its registered agent at that office, the nature of the corporation's business and the names and addresses of the corporation's president and secretary. Failure to file the annual report may result in the company becoming inactive.

Businesses may elect to register a trade name with the Secretary of State.

The Business Corporation Law provides a procedure for voluntarily dissolving a domestic corporation by filing an Articles of Dissolution pursuant to Section 10A-1-9.11 and 10A-2-14.03 of the Code of Alabama 1975.

New entities should obtain a Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN), also known as an Employer Identification Number (EIN), from the IRS. This number will be required to open bank accounts, have employees, apply for business licenses, file tax returns, etc. Visit http://www.irs.gov for more information on federal tax requirements.

Further, if your corporation wants to apply for S-Corporation Election it should be applied for right after formation. In Alabama an application for S-Corporation Election is required to be filed with the IRS. An application for S-Corporation Election is not required to be filed with the Alabama Department of Revenue

As all companies are different and have specific filing requirements we suggest that you speak with a tax professional to provide you with tax advice prior to organizing your company. For general tax information you can contact the Alabama Department of Revenue at http://revenue.alabama.gov.

The name shall contain, at the end, one of the following: "Limited Liability Company," "LLC," or "L.L.C." The term "Limited" is allowed to be abbreviated as "Ltd." and "Company" may be abbreviated as "Co."

The name shall be such as to distinguish it from the names of other companies of any kind.

Company names in Alabama must be reserved with Secretary of State prior to filing with the probate judge in the county where the corporations registered office is located.

The formation document required to file an LLC in Alabama is called the Articles of Organization. The information listed in the Articles of Organization includes, but not limited to, the name of the company, purpose, address of principal office, name and address of the registered agent, whether the LLC will be member-managed or manager-managed, duration, names and addresses of the initial members.

Alabama law does not allow for the formation of Professional LLC's (PLLC's).

LLC's are managed by one or more members/managers. The members are like the shareholders of a corporation and are the owners of the company. The managers are like the officers of a corporation and run the company on behalf of the members. The minimum number of members required in Alabama is 1 and the company can be member managed. The terms of office of the members/managers are stipulated in the company operating agreement.

The company operating agreement regulates the way in which your company will be run. The operating agreement is adopted at the initial meeting of the members and is updated as needed. Included in the operating agreement will be information on member/manager meetings, voting responsibilities, membership interest and other operating procedures.

Alabama requires LLCs to file a Business Privilege Tax Return and Annual Report with the Department of Revenue on or before three and one-half months after the beginning of the LLC’s taxable year.

Businesses may elect to register a trade name with the Secretary of State.

The Limited Liability Company Law provides a procedure for voluntarily dissolving a domestic LLC by filing an Articles of Dissolution pursuant to Section 10A-1-9.11 and 10A-5- 7.06 of the Alabama 1975.

New entities should obtain a Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN), also known as an Employer Identification Number (EIN), from the IRS. This number will be required to open bank accounts, have employees, apply for business licenses, file tax returns, etc. Visit http://www.irs.gov for more information on federal tax requirements.

As all companies are different and have specific filing requirements we suggest that you speak with a tax professional to provide you with tax advice prior to organizing your company. For general tax information you can contact the Alabama Department of Revenue at http://revenue.alabama.gov.

The name can, but is not required to, contain the word "corporation" or "incorporated" or an abbreviation of one of such words, "Inc." or "Corp."

The name shall be as such to distinguish it from the names of other companies of any kind.

Company names in Alabama must be reserved with Secretary of State prior to filing with the probate judge in the county where the corporations registered office is located.

The formation document required to file a Not-For-Profit corporation in Alabama is called the Certificate of Formation. The information listed in the Certificate of Incorporation includes, but not limited to, the name of the company, specific purpose, membership requirements, principal office address, name and address of the registered agent and name and address of the initial board of directors.The formation document required to file a Not-For-Profit corporation in Alabama is called the Certificate of Formation. The information listed in the Certificate of Incorporation includes, but not limited to, the name of the company, specific purpose, membership requirements, principal office address, name and address of the registered agent and name and address of the initial board of directors.

Not-For-Profit corporations are managed by their Board of Directors. The minimum number of directors required in Alabama is 3. The Board of Directors elects the company officers, President, Vice President (if applicable), Secretary and Treasurer. The terms of office are stipulated in the company bylaws.

You can choose to have a members for your Not-For-Profit organization. The members have the exclusive right to elect directors, amend articles and bylaws, and vote on a merger or dissolution of the corporation. A membership structured Not-For-Profit organization normally benefits the members of the organization, such as a club or social organization. A Not-For-Profit organization that does not have members will be governed by its board of directors as is the case with most charitable organizations.

The company bylaws regulate the way in which your company will be run. The bylaws are adopted at the initial meeting of the directors and are updated as needed. Included in the bylaws will be information on director meetings, voting responsibilities, membership requirements and other operating procedures.

NFP corporations may be required and should keep the bylaws available for review at their principal place of business along with the names and addresses of directors and officers, minutes of all director meetings, records of actions taken by directors without a meeting, a copy of the formation document and any amendments thereto, and the company’s most recent annual report.

All Alabama corporations will be required to file an annual report each year with the Department of Revenue. The annual report is due between January 1 and March 15. The report must include information on the address of the corporation's registered office in the state, name of its registered agent at that office, the nature of the corporation's business and the names and addresses of the corporation's president and secretary. Failure to file the annual report may result in the company becoming inactive.

Businesses may elect to register a trade name with the Secretary of State.

The Nonprofit Corporation Law provides a procedure for voluntarily dissolving a domestic corporation by filing an Articles of Dissolution pursuant to section 10A-1-9.11 and 10A-3-7 of the Code of Alabama 1975.

New entities should obtain a Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN), also known as an Employer Identification Number (EIN), from the IRS. This number will be required to open bank accounts, have employees, apply for business licenses, file tax returns, etc.

In order to apply for tax-exempt status under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, an organization must be organized and operated exclusively for exempt purposes set forth in section 501(c)(3) of the IRS code, and none of its earnings may inure to any private shareholder or individual. The company must file Form 1023 for charitable organizations or Form 1024 for other types of tax exempt organizations in order to apply for tax-exempt status. Visit http://www.irs.gov/Charities-&-Non-Profits.. for additional information.

As all companies are different and have specific filing requirements we suggest that you speak with a tax professional to provide you with tax advice prior to organizing your company. For general tax information you can contact the Alabama Department of Revenue at http://revenue.alabama.gov.

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Headquartered in Albany, NY, Accumera is a company formation, business maintenance and document retrieval service provider. We provide services in all 50 States and the District of Columbia. We assist small business owners, entrepreneurs and professionals worldwide by providing fast, reliable and personal services. At Accumera our clients are not just a number… We promise to provide you with the services to get your business up and running so you can grow your business into a success.

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